Excerpt from USAID Feb06 Midterm Evaluation of CARPE, p 11: "..Recognizing the importance and difficulty of conservation in the Congo Basin, USAID began a 20 year program in 1995 aimed at reducing the threats of deforestation and decrease in biodiversity. The current strategic phase of the initiative, CARPE II, began in 2003 and will operate until 2010. CAPRE II works in nine countries within the Congo Basin with the strategic objective of reducing the rate of forest degradation and loss of biodiversity through increased local, national and regional natural resource management..Unforeseen during the evaluation, the timing of the design and implementation of CARPE II corresponded with the initiation of an international agreement reached at the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) where governments, NGOs and the private sector recognized the importance of conserving the Congo, the world’s second largest remaining tropical forest, by creating the Congo Basin Forestry Partnership (CBFP). The USG chose to use the CARPE II results framework as an umbrella for many of the activities that the US is undertaking in support of the CBFP...The USG commitment to CBFP was to provide $52 million support to the CBFP over the period 2002 to 2005. The majority of that funding is being passed via CARPE..encompassing nine countries (Burundi, Congo/Brazzaville, Central Africa Republic, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Democratic Republic of Congo Gabon, Rwanda, and Sao Tome-Principe). Additionally, CBFP includes partners other than CARPE partners..."